Preached on: Sunday 25th July 2021
The sermon text is given below or can be download by clicking on the “PDF” button above. there are no Powerpoint slides accompanying this sermon.
Bible references: John 2:1-11
Location: Brightons Parish Church
Speak o Lord, indeed, to us that the earth may be filled with Your glory.
Your glory was seen in this first miracle that we look at today performed at a wedding in Cana and many miracles thereafter have taken place not just through the pages of scripture but in life in many different ways as we come to this world today continue to work in our lives and show anew the things that we might do. In Your name we ask these things. Amen.
In the second chapter of John’s gospel, we have the account of the very first miracle of our Lord. The scene has now shifted from Judea where John the Baptist has been baptizing in the Jordan and they’re now 70 miles north the area of Galilee. Jesus and his disciples have walked all that way. The occasion was a wedding, an eastern wedding.
Eastern weddings were very different from western affairs. In western weddings the bride is the prominent figure when she enters clad in all her glory the whole congregation stand and the organ thunders and whatever it is. Every eye is focused on her, but in eastern weddings it’s the groom that is prominent, he is the featured one. The bride merely shows up for the wedding. I’m sure we wouldn’t like that here but not only is this groom the featured person but he also pays for the whole affair. So, some of those weddings and those times would go on for two or three days, some as long as a week, and both sides of the family would join together for a big celebration. This is the kind of wedding that John is talking about here this morning. Very sadly, unfortunately not the kind of weddings that people have had to have during this these times of lockdown and pandemic. It was a big affair and Mary figures rather prominently at this wedding too.
She’s there at the wedding and Jesus turns up as we’re told with five disciples. Now, whether they hadn’t sent back their reply or hadn’t saved the date they weren’t expected. He had just called these disciples to Himself and they had walked for two days from Judea. No-one had time to send word that they were additional members in Jesus party but as is ordinarily true in these rural settings people do not make a great deal of fuss about things, they’re always there to add a little more water in the soup and take care of the unexpected guests that show up. So, the disciples come with Jesus unexpected and that maybe explains why the wine run out. Not that I’m saying the disciples drunk at all but there were extra people there for two or three days and that called on a great deal of wine at these celebrations so Mary seizes the occasion to say very significantly to Jesus these words “They have no wine.”
She doesn’t ask Him to do anything about it, she merely states the fact “They have no wine.” Some of the commentators suggest that what she meant was that it was a gentle hint that maybe they had turned up unexpected and had caused the situation, they had put a strain on the hospitality of their host and maybe they should have left before it fully run out, but another says that Mary did not expect any miracle because Jesus, up to that point, hadn’t done any. But the account makes rather clear that Mary did expect Jesus to help. She came to Him with the problem and she expected Him to do something about it. Personally, I believe she did expect Him to do something startling and supernatural. We have to understand Mary had expectations that had been greatly awakened. Undoubtedly she had been told about the accounts of what had happened in Judea how he had been baptized by John the Baptist and how indeed the heavens opened, the dove lighted on Jesus head and the voice cried out “This is my beloved son“ and she too remembered the promises of the would-be Messiah when she carried Him in her womb. Undoubtedly, she expected Him to act along with all the other Jews of that day. She doubtless expected Him, as the Messiah, to claim the throne of David, to somehow drive out the Romans and fulfill all the prophecies of the Old Testament, but now that Jesus has taken the initiative, He’s called some disciples, she had a sort of right to expect more to happen, and the fact that Jesus clearly understood her came back in His response and He says “Woman, what has that to do with me?”
It’s not a rude or disrespectful answer to his mother, although it may sound like it. If a young man today called his mother ‘woman’ he probably would have got a clip around the ear, but here Jesus was using a very common title of respect in the same way on the cross he addressed Mary as “Woman, behold your son.”
When he says what was it to do with Him, He’s just more or less saying ‘I don’t
Understand? What do you want to accomplish? What do you want to happen? What do you want in the plan, mother?’, and often that’s the questions we ask in our lives ‘What are, what is part of God’s plan? We look for the miracles and they don’t often happen but sometimes they do and Mary already had in her mind that something was going to happen because at the end of speaking with Jesus these few words she turns to the servants as we hear and says “Do whatever he tells you to do”.
Notice the simplicity of her words, how easily, how quietly and with dignity it was done and then Jesus takes over from there, not in any flashy way, but just simply says “Fill the jars with water” and, of course, they fill these great big stone jars up with water to the brim with gallons and gallons of water and then he tells them to “Draw out some, take it to the steward of the feast.” There was no prayer, there was no words of command, there was no hysterical shouting or bleating or laying on the hands, nothing at all, He didn’t even touch the water, He didn’t even taste it afterwards Himself to see what has happened, He simply says “take it to the steward” the master of ceremonies or whatever you want to call them, and quite simply the water became wine.
This happened within the limits of a natural process. It’s very important to see this. Milk didn’t become the wine, the water didn’t become milk, he didn’t change it into something like Irn Bru brew or whatever, what happened was something that also happens in nature, water is being changed into wine in every vineyard in France, Spain, Portugal and further afield, it’s part of the long process of growth, gathering, and crushing, and it involves the activity of men and women and the process of fermentation, it’s a natural process and this was the characteristic of these miracles of Jesus, they were a very natural process.
There’s a very helpful book by C S Lewis called Miracles where he pointed out that every miracle Jesus did is simply a kind of short circuiting of natural processes, doing instantly something which, in general, would take a longer period of time. Lewis says in the book each miracle writes for us, in small letters, something that God has already written or will write, and letters almost too large to be noticed across the whole canvas of nature. This is what Jesus is doing, He’s overleaping the elements of time, growth, gathering, crushing, fermenting and he takes the water right to wine without a word or a gesture. He demonstrates His marvelous ability to master the processes of nature.
Some claim that Jesus didn’t change water into real wine that all he did was change it into very good grape juice. I consider that claim that they make ridiculous, probably hardly worthy of an answer. They don’t serve grape juice at Jewish weddings. They never have and they probably never will. In fact, in other places in the New Testament where we have warnings against the overuse of wine, we have a clear indication that the wine of that day was indeed intoxicating, people had to watch it then, just as they must watch today. Wine was a commonplace drink, one that believers partook off along with everyone else in the culture and climate. Our Lord certainly did change that water into real, true, genuine wine. Actually, the very force of this miracle depended upon the fact that it was good wine and this was confirmed to the amazement of the steward of the feast when he drank the wine. Can you just picture them taking the cup and sipping it, swirling it around, perhaps smelling it, and drinking it again, and then realizing what a wonderful blend or brand of wine it was, in fact, such a good wine that had come from these jars that had been filled with water.
The account that we read this morning even hints at the bewilderment of the very bridegroom, we’re not told that the what the bridegroom said but he evidently didn’t say anything he must have been quite, I suppose, bewildered by everything. He just keeps his mouth shut and he takes the credit for the whole incident and for his guests realizing that they had kept and served the best wine last which was not the common practice at these things.
“This is the first of His signs that Jesus did in Cana and Galilee! it says in John 2:11 and it manifested His glory and the disciples believed in Him.
Three factors call for our attention in that particular verse because John says that the miracle was a ‘sign’. It was an acted parable and signs are not merely miracles they’re miracles that have a meaning, they’re intended to convey truth that would not otherwise have been known, that’s what signs are for, to tell us something that we wouldn’t otherwise know, that’s what John means when he says that this miracle was a sign and what it pictured on that day was the normal outcome of the combination of human and divine activity. Men can fill water jars, only God can change water into wine. Men can do the ordinary, the common place, the normal activity, but God touches it and brings it to life and gives it its flavor, and what’s the meaning of this sign that day, it’s an indication of what the ministry of Jesus was going to be like, Whenever He touched a human life, not only during His lifetime on earth, but well beyond that, and that’s how it affects us today as well. Bring God into our situations, into all the humdrum calling places, activities, and we’re touched with a new power, become different, more fragrant, more flavourable, more enjoyable and delightful, and the joy and the gladness of our heart when He comes into our lives, and that was the meaning of the sign that day where God indeed manifested Himself to humankind and showing this first miracle, and, according to John, that the second thing was that indeed it did show God’s glory. Already in chapter one John has told us that the glory of Jesus is His great grace and truth, and that He’s full of that grace and truth, and here in this event this morning we see both of these together.
His grace is manifested in the fact that He brought with Him five, with Himself six, unexpected guests to the wedding. They had no gifts to bring, so He seizes on the fact of the six stone water jars and He has them filled to the brim and He changes them and thereby He gives the most generous gift anybody would give at a wedding. He gives that newly married couple a gift of the best wine in the whole countryside. One jar for each of those unexpected guests. What a gracious truth comes from our Lord’s grace as He gives and gifts to each one of us and with it comes the truth and the glory of Jesus in His fullness, in that event there, was manifested truth about Himself that He indeed was the Lord of all nature.
A I pointed out earlier, He was carrying out a natural process but in a very short period of time.
We can open up the fairy tale books. We find ourselves in a world of miracles so diverse that they can hardly be classified – beasts that turn into men; men into beasts or trees; trees that talk; ships that do things; magic rings that change; all these things in the land of fairytales, but the fitness of the Christian miracles and their difference from these mythological miracles and storytellers lies in the fact that they show invasion of a further power, the great power of God. He brings the light into the world through His son Jesus Christ and He’s proclaimed the King of kings and His majesty is there for all to see and it was starting to become evident as these miracles were carried out.
He worked with things in nature changed them quickly, and people talk about nature. I read a little explanation in our gardening magazine that someone has said nature is the glove on the hand of God and we see the glove at work and we think it’s marvelous and it spoke about many of the ladies gardening and wearing their gloves wearing their garden gloves to dig up the earth, to pull the weeds, to sow the seeds and the plants.
Wouldn’t you think it’s strange if someone came along past your garden seeing all the fine work you had done and marvel that your gloves could do such a thing.
It’s the hand inside the glove that does the work to show the glory of the garden and it’s God indeed in Christ that shows the work that glorifies Him in life.
We see everything in the natural world, we see the cycles of snow and rain, we see the stars in the heaven, the sun, the moon.
Who did it? It wasn’t the glove behind all these things, and the power of nature was God Himself.
The third thing that John brings out and concluding this passage he says “His disciples believed in him” they believed that here was God’s man, they had started following Him, He was ruling over all the works of God’s hand, He was put in dominion and authority and given power over all the earth and here He had power over nature, a limitless power, and that was the sign in this very first miracle when the disciples saw the water changed into wine they believed more deeply in Him than they ever had before, they saw that here was one who could handle life, here is one who could take a commonplace thing, nothing out of the ordinary, simple water, and make it wine, make a source of joy, glory and warmth, and He still comes yet, but not to change water into wine, but to change us. The hand is there upon us, and in us, and through us, and the power of His spirit, and He can bring out in us more flavor and fragrance and strength and beauty than can ever be brought out in whatever bottle wine. He will do this with each of us if we ask Him if we follow Him, and if we believe Him.
Through the miracle at Cana, His disciples believed in Him, and through that very miracle today can we indeed strengthen our belief that He works in all things for the good of His glory and continues to mould each of us day by day, Amen
Let’s just pray:
Thank-you Father for this look at this simple event on that day in Galilee. Help us define its meaning for our own lives, knowing that He who, without a word, without any ostentation, transformed, silently,, quietly with dignity, the water of that day into wine. So, can He take the water of our commonplace lives and change it into wine that we may be rich and full of His power and His glory. We thank you for that, in Jesus name, Amen